substratum

  • 1 substratum — ● substratum nom masculin (latin substratum, de substernere, subordonner) Formation géologique sous jacente à une unité charriée (substratum d une nappe) ou à une couverture sédimentaire. substratum [sypstʀatɔm] n. m. ÉTYM. 1745; mot lat., p. p.… …

    Encyclopédie Universelle

  • 2 substratum — 1630s, from Mod.L. substratum (pl. substrata), neut. sing. pp. of L. substernere to spread underneath, from sub (see SUB (Cf. sub )) + sternere (see STRATUM (Cf. stratum)) …

    Etymology dictionary

  • 3 Substratum — Sub*stra tum, n.; pl. {Substrata}. [L. substratus, p. p. of substernere to strew under; sub under + sternere to strew. See {Stratum}.] 1. That which is laid or spread under; that which underlies something, as a layer of earth lying under another; …

    The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • 4 substratum — ► NOUN (pl. substrata) 1) an underlying layer or substance, in particular a layer of rock or soil beneath the surface of the ground. 2) a foundation or basis …

    English terms dictionary

  • 5 substratum — [sub′strāt΄əm, sub′strat΄əm] n. pl. substrata [sub′strāt΄ə, sub′strat΄ə] or substratums [ModL < L, neut. of substratus, pp. of substernere, to strew beneath < sub , under + sternere, to spread out < IE base * ster > STREW] 1. a) a… …

    English World dictionary

  • 6 Substratum — In contact linguistics, a substratum (lat. sub : under + stratum : layer → lower layer ) is a language that influences another one while that second, intrusive, language supplants it. Similarly, a superstratum is an intrusive language that exerts …

    Wikipedia

  • 7 substratum — [[t]sʌ̱bstrɑːtəm, AM stre͟ɪt [/t]] substrata N COUNT: with supp, usu N of n A substratum of something is a layer that lies under the surface of another layer, or a feature that is less obvious than other features. [FORMAL] ...its deep substratum… …

    English dictionary

  • 8 substratum — sub|stra|tum [ˌsʌbˈstra:təm US ˈstreı ] n plural substrata [ tə] technical a layer that lies beneath another layer, especially in the earth ▪ a substratum of rock ▪ a social substratum …

    Dictionary of contemporary English

  • 9 substratum — noun plural substrata, (C) 1 a layer that lies beneath another layer, especially in the earth: a substratum of rock 2 formal a quality that is hidden: a substratum of truth in the argument …

    Longman dictionary of contemporary English

  • 10 substratum — UK [ˈsʌbˌstrɑːtəm] / US [ˈsʌbˌstreɪtəm] / US [ˈsʌbˌstrɑtəm] noun [countable] Word forms substratum : singular substratum plural substrata UK [ˈsʌbˌstrɑːtə] / US [ˈsʌbˌstreɪtə] / US [ˈsʌbˌstrɑtə] 1) a layer of something that is below another layer …

    English dictionary

  • 11 substratum — substrative, substratal, adj. /sub stray teuhm, strat euhm, sub stray teuhm, strat euhm/, n., pl. substrata / stray teuh, strat euh, stray teuh, strat euh/, substratums. 1. something that is spread or laid under something else; a stratum or layer …

    Universalium

  • 12 substratum — (sub stra tom ) s. m. Terme philosophique. Ce qui existe dans les êtres indépendamment de leurs qualités, et ce qui sert de support à celles ci. ÉTYMOLOGIE    Lat. substratum, de sub, sous, et stratum, étendu …

    Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • 13 substratum — n. (pl. substrata) 1 an underlying layer or substance. 2 a layer of rock or soil beneath the surface. 3 a foundation or basis (there is a substratum of truth in it). Etymology: mod.L, past part. of L substernere (as SUB , sternere strew): cf.… …

    Useful english dictionary

  • 14 substratum — noun (plural substrata) Etymology: Medieval Latin, from Latin, neuter of substratus, past participle of substernere to spread under, from sub + sternere to spread more at strew Date: 1631 an underlying support ; foundation: as a. substance that… …

    New Collegiate Dictionary

  • 15 SUBSTRATUM — n. m. T. de Philosophie emprunté du latin. Ce qui sert de support à une autre chose ou à plusieurs autres choses, considérées dès lors comme des modes ou attributs, ou comme des accidents de celle qui les crée ou les soutient …

    Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 8eme edition (1935)

  • 16 Substratum — См. sostrato …

    Пятиязычный словарь лингвистических терминов

  • 17 substratum — (plural substrata)) the bottom; the surface available for colonisation by organisms …

    Dictionary of ichthyology

  • 18 substratum — n.; pl. substrata [L. sub, under; stratum, bed] The ground or other surface in or upon which organisms live, walk, crawl or are attached …

    Dictionary of invertebrate zoology

  • 19 substratum — The solid surface over which a cell moves, or upon which a cell grows: should be used in this sense in preference to substrate, to avoid confusion …

    Dictionary of molecular biology

  • 20 substratum — noun a) A layer that lies underneath another b) The underlying cause or basis of something …

    Wiktionary