📌 arbitrary 📚 🧬 Academic Dictionaries and Encyclopedias ⚗

arbitrary

  • 1 arbitrary — ar·bi·trary / är bə ˌtrer ē/ adj 1: depending on individual discretion (as of a judge) and not fixed by standards, rules, or law the manner of punishment is arbitrary 2 a: not restrained or limited in the exercise of power an arbitrary government …

    Law dictionary

  • 2 Arbitrary — Ar bi*tra*ry, a. [L. arbitrarius, fr. arbiter: cf. F. arbitraire. See {Arbiter}.] 1. Depending on will or discretion; not governed by any fixed rules; as, an arbitrary decision; an arbitrary punishment. [1913 Webster] It was wholly arbitrary in… …

    The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • 3 arbitrary — [är′bə trer΄ē] adj. [L arbitrarius < arbiter, ARBITER] 1. not fixed by rules, but left to one s judgment or choice; discretionary [arbitrary decision, arbitrary judgment] 2. based on one s preference, notion, whim, etc.; capricious [young… …

    English World dictionary

  • 4 arbitrary — [adj1] whimsical, chance approximate, capricious, discretionary, erratic, fanciful, frivolous, inconsistent, injudicious, irrational, irresponsible, offhand, optional, random, subjective, supercilious, superficial, unaccountable, unreasonable,… …

    New thesaurus

  • 5 arbitrary — (adj.) early 15c., deciding by one s own discretion, from O.Fr. arbitraire (14c.) or directly from L. arbitrarius depending on the will, uncertain, from arbiter (see ARBITER (Cf. arbiter)). The original meaning gradually descended to capricious… …

    Etymology dictionary

  • 6 arbitrary — autocratic, *absolute, despotic, tyrannical, tyrannous Analogous words: *dictatorial, authoritarian, magisterial, oracular: domineering, *masterful, imperious, peremptory, imperative Antonyms: legitimate Contrasted words: *lawful, legal, licit …

    New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • 7 arbitrary — ► ADJECTIVE 1) based on random choice or personal whim. 2) (of power or authority) used without constraint; autocratic. DERIVATIVES arbitrarily adverb arbitrariness noun. ORIGIN Latin arbitrarius, from arbiter judge, supreme ruler …

    English terms dictionary

  • 8 Arbitrary — For the concept of arbitrariness in trademark law, see Trademark distinctiveness. Arbitrary is a term given to choices and actions which are considered to be done not by means of any underlying principle or logic, but by whim or some decidedly… …

    Wikipedia

  • 9 arbitrary — 01. Application of the death penalty is much too [arbitrary] to be allowed in a civilized society. 02. The government has been terrorizing people through [arbitrary] arrests and indefinite detentions. 03. If you don t explain your marking system… …

    Grammatical examples in English

  • 10 arbitrary — adjective Date: 15th century 1. depending on individual discretion (as of a judge) and not fixed by law < the manner of punishment is arbitrary > 2. a. not restrained or limited in the exercise of power ; ruling by abso …

    New Collegiate Dictionary

  • 11 arbitrary — In an unreasonable manner, as fixed or done capriciously or at pleasure. Without adequate determining principle; not founded in the nature of things; nonrational; not done or acting according to reason or judgment; depending on the will alone;… …

    Black's law dictionary

  • 12 arbitrary — arbitrarily /ahr bi trer euh lee, ahr bi trair /, adv. arbitrariness, n. /ahr bi trer ee/, adj., n., pl. arbitraries. adj. 1. subject to individual will or judgment without restriction; contingent solely upon one s discretion: an arbitrary… …

    Universalium

  • 13 arbitrary — ar•bi•trar•y [[t]ˈɑr bɪˌtrɛr i[/t]] adj. 1) subject to individual will or judgment without restriction; contingent solely upon one s discretion: an arbitrary decision[/ex] 2) decided by a judge or arbiter rather than by a law or statute 3) gov… …

    From formal English to slang

  • 14 arbitrary — /ˈabətrəri / (say ahbuhtruhree), /ˈabətri / (say ahbuhtree) adjective 1. subject to individual will or judgement; discretionary. 2. not attributable to any rule or law; accidental: *the only significance her smile could have had was that of an… …

    Australian English dictionary

  • 15 arbitrary — adjective /ˈɑːbɪtrəri,ˈɑːrbɪtrɛri/ a) Based on individual discretion or judgment; not based on any objective distinction, perhaps even made at random. Benjamin Franklins designation of positive and negative to different charges was arbitrary. In… …

    Wiktionary

  • 16 arbitrary — ar|bi|trar|y [ arbı,treri ] adjective * not based on any particular plan or done for any particular reason: an arbitrary decision The selection of the 100 participants was completely arbitrary. a. used about actions that are considered to be… …

    Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • 17 arbitrary */ — UK [ˈɑː(r)bɪtrərɪ] / US [ˈɑrbɪˌtrerɪ] adjective a) not based on any particular plan, or not done for any particular reason an arbitrary decision The selection of the 100 participants was completely arbitrary. b) used about actions that are… …

    English dictionary

  • 18 arbitrary — ar|bi|tra|ry [ˈa:bıtrəri, tri US ˈa:rbıtreri] adj [Date: 1400 1500; : Latin; Origin: arbitrarius depending on the decision of a judge, uncertain , from arbiter; ARBITER] decided or arranged without any reason or plan, often unfairly ▪ an… …

    Dictionary of contemporary English

  • 19 arbitrary — [[t]ɑ͟ː(r)bɪtri, AM treri[/t]] ADJ GRADED (disapproval) If you describe an action, rule, or decision as arbitrary, you think that it is not based on any principle, plan, or system. It often seems unfair because of this. Arbitrary arrests and… …

    English dictionary

  • 20 arbitrary — adjective 1 decided or arranged without any reason or plan, often unfairly: Management is weak, morale low and punishment is arbitrary. 2 happening or decided by chance rather than a plan: The figure of 20% is quite arbitrary. arbitrariness noun… …

    Longman dictionary of contemporary English