📌 Afflict 📚 🧬 Academic Dictionaries and Encyclopedias ⚗

Afflict

  • 1 Afflict — Af*flict , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Afflicted}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Afflicting}.] [L. afflictus, p. p. of affigere to cast down, deject; ad + fligere to strike: cf. OF. aflit, afflict, p. p. Cf. {Flagellate}.] 1. To strike or cast down; to overthrow.… …

    The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • 2 afflict — afflict, try, torment, torture, rack mean to inflict upon a person something which he finds hard to bear. Something or someone that causes pain, disability, suffering, acute annoyance, irritation, or embarrassment may be said to afflict a person… …

    New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • 3 Afflict — Af*flict , p. p. & a. [L. afflictus, p. p.] Afflicted. [Obs.] Becon. [1913 Webster] …

    The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • 4 afflict — I verb agonize, anguish, assault, bruise, burden, chasten, discommode, discompose, disquiet, distress, grate, harm, hurt, impair, infect, inflict, irritate, mistreat, pain, plague, punish, rasp, sicken, smite, strike, victimize II index affront,… …

    Law dictionary

  • 5 afflict — (v.) late 14c., to cast down, from O.Fr. aflicter, from L. afflictare to damage, harass, torment, frequentative of affligere (pp. afflictus) to dash down, overthrow, from ad to (see AD (Cf. ad )) + fligere (pp. flictus) to strike, from PIE …

    Etymology dictionary

  • 6 afflict — [v] cause or become hurt agonize, annoy, beset, bother, burden, crucify, distress, grieve, harass, harrow, harry, irk, lacerate, martyr, oppress, pain, pester, plague, press, rack, smite, strike, torment, torture, trouble, try, vex, worry, wound; …

    New thesaurus

  • 7 afflict — ► VERB ▪ cause pain or suffering to. DERIVATIVES affliction noun. ORIGIN Latin afflictare knock about, harass , or affligere knock down, weaken …

    English terms dictionary

  • 8 afflict — [ə flikt′] vt. [< L afflictare, to injure, vex < afflictus, pp. of affligere, to strike down < ad , to + fligere: see INFLICT] 1. to cause pain or suffering to; distress very much 2. Obs. to overthrow …

    English World dictionary

  • 9 afflict — transitive verb Etymology: Middle English, from Latin afflictus, past participle of affligere to cast down, from ad + fligere to strike more at profligate Date: 14th century 1. obsolete a. humble b. overthrow …

    New Collegiate Dictionary

  • 10 afflict — [14] When it originally entered English, afflict meant ‘overthrow’, reflecting its origins in Latin afflīgere ‘throw down’, a compound verb formed from the prefix ad ‘to’ and flīgere ‘strike’. English afflict comes either from the Latin past… …

    The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins

  • 11 afflict — inflict, afflict Both words are concerned with the suffering of unpleasant circumstances, but they have different constructions. Inflict has the unpleasantness as object, and afflict has the victim: • He knew also that the greater part of the… …

    Modern English usage

  • 12 afflict — [14] When it originally entered English, afflict meant ‘overthrow’, reflecting its origins in Latin afflīgere ‘throw down’, a compound verb formed from the prefix ad ‘to’ and flīgere ‘strike’. English afflict comes either from the Latin past… …

    Word origins

  • 13 afflict — UK [əˈflɪkt] / US verb [transitive, usually passive] Word forms afflict : present tense I/you/we/they afflict he/she/it afflicts present participle afflicting past tense afflicted past participle afflicted formal if you are afflicted by an… …

    English dictionary

  • 14 afflict — verb To cause (someone) pain, suffering or distress. Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh treasure cities, Pithom and Raamses. But the more they afflicted them, the more they… …

    Wiktionary

  • 15 afflict — See inflict. See inflict, afflict …

    Dictionary of problem words and expressions

  • 16 afflict — verb ADVERB ▪ badly, severely PHRASES ▪ be afflicted with ▪ He s badly afflicted with a skin disorder. Afflict is used with these nouns as the subject: ↑disease, ↑ …

    Collocations dictionary

  • 17 afflict — af|flict [əˈflıkt] v [T often passive] formal [Date: 1300 1400; : Latin; Origin: , past participle of affligere to throw down , from ad to + fligere to hit ] to affect someone or something in an unpleasant way, and make them suffer afflict… …

    Dictionary of contemporary English

  • 18 afflict — [[t]əflɪ̱kt[/t]] afflicts, afflicting, afflicted VERB If you are afflicted by pain, illness, or disaster, it affects you badly and makes you suffer. [FORMAL] [be V ed by/with n] Italy has been afflicted by political corruption for decades... [V… …

    English dictionary

  • 19 afflict — verb (of a problem or illness) cause pain or suffering to. Origin ME: from L. afflictare knock about, harass , or afflict , affligere knock down, weaken …

    English new terms dictionary

  • 20 afflict — verb arthritis can afflict people of all ages Syn: trouble, burden, distress, cause suffering to, beset, harass, worry, oppress; torment, pester, plague, blight, bedevil, rack, smite, curse; archaic ail …

    Thesaurus of popular words