Abstain

  • 1 abstain — ab·stain /əb stān, ab / vi: to refrain from exercising federal jurisdiction over a case: cause an abstention Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. abstain …

    Law dictionary

  • 2 Abstain — Ab*stain , v. t. To hinder; to withhold. [1913 Webster] Whether he abstain men from marrying. Milton. [1913 Webster] …

    The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • 3 abstain — (v.) late 14c., to withhold oneself, from O.Fr. abstenir (14c.), earlier astenir (13c.) hold (oneself) back, refrain, abstain (from), practice abstinence, from L. abstinere withhold, keep back, keep off, from ab(s) from, away from (see AB (Cf. ab …

    Etymology dictionary

  • 4 abstain — [ab stān′, əbstān′] vi. [ME absteinen < OFr abstenir < L abstinere, to hold back < ab(s) , from + tenere, to hold: see TENANT] to hold oneself back; voluntarily do without; refrain (from) [to abstain from smoking] SYN. REFRAIN1 abstainer …

    English World dictionary

  • 5 Abstain — Ab*stain , v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Abstained}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Abstaining}.] [OE. absteynen, abstenen, OF. astenir, abstenir, F. abstenir, fr. L. abstinere, abstentum, v. t. & v. i., to keep from; ab, abs + tenere to hold. See {Tenable}.] To hold… …

    The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • 6 abstain — *refrain, forbear Analogous words: *forgo, eschew, abnegate: *decline, refuse, spurn, reject: desist (see STOP) Antonyms: indulge Contrasted words: pamper (see INDULGE): *satiate …

    New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • 7 abstain — [v] hold back from doing abjure, abnegate, avoid, cease, constrain, curb, decline, deny oneself, do without, eschew, evade, fast, fence sit*, forbear, forgo, give the go by*, give up, go on the wagon*, keep from, pass, pass up, quit, refrain,… …

    New thesaurus

  • 8 abstain — ► VERB 1) restrain oneself from doing or indulging in something. 2) formally choose not to vote. DERIVATIVES abstainer noun. ORIGIN Latin abstinere hold from …

    English terms dictionary

  • 9 abstain — UK [əbˈsteɪn] / US verb [intransitive] Word forms abstain : present tense I/you/we/they abstain he/she/it abstains present participle abstaining past tense abstained past participle abstained 1) a) to deliberately avoid doing something that is… …

    English dictionary

  • 10 abstain — v. (D; intr.) to abstain from (to abstain from alcohol) * * * [əb steɪn] (D; intr.) to abstain from (to abstain from alcohol) …

    Combinatory dictionary

  • 11 abstain — [[t]æbste͟ɪn[/t]] abstains, abstaining, abstained 1) VERB If you abstain from something, usually something you want to do, you deliberately do not do it. [FORMAL] [V from n] Abstain from sex or use condoms... Do you drink alcohol, smoke, or… …

    English dictionary

  • 12 abstain — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) v. i. forbear, refrain. See avoidance, moderation, asceticism, disuse.Ant., indulge. II (Roget s IV) v. Syn. refrain, forbear, renounce, desist, forgo, withhold, avoid, stop, deny oneself, hold aloof… …

    English dictionary for students

  • 13 abstain — ab|stain [ əb steın ] verb intransitive 1. ) to deliberately avoid doing something that is enjoyable but may not be healthy, safe, or morally right: abstain from: A high percentage of women said they had abstained from alcohol during pregnancy. a …

    Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • 14 abstain — ab|stain [əbˈsteın] v [Date: 1300 1400; : Old French; Origin: abstenir, from [i]Latin abstinere, from abs away + tenere to hold ] 1.) to choose not to vote for or against something ▪ Six countries voted for the change, five voted against, and two …

    Dictionary of contemporary English

  • 15 abstain — /əbˈsteɪn / (say uhb stayn) verb (i) 1. to refrain deliberately from casting one s vote. –phrase 2. abstain from, to refrain voluntarily from, especially from drinking or enjoying something: abstain from drinking alcohol. {Middle English… …

    Australian English dictionary

  • 16 abstain — intransitive verb Etymology: Middle English absteinen, from Anglo French asteign , absteign , stem of astenir, abstenir, from Latin abstinēre, from abs , ab + tenēre to hold more at thin Date: 14th century to refrain deliberately and often with… …

    New Collegiate Dictionary

  • 17 abstain — /ab stayn /, v.i. 1. to hold oneself back voluntarily, esp. from something regarded as improper or unhealthy (usually fol. by from): to abstain from eating meat. 2. to refrain from casting one s vote: a referendum in which two delegates abstained …

    Universalium

  • 18 abstain — Synonyms and related words: abnegate, abstain from, avoid, constrain, cop out, curb, decline, dispense with, do without, duck the issue, eschew, evade, evade the issue, forbear, forgo, hold, hold aloof from, hold back, hold off, keep, keep back,… …

    Moby Thesaurus

  • 19 abstain — verb 1》 (often abstain from) restrain oneself from doing something. 2》 formally decline to vote. Derivatives abstainer noun Origin ME: from OFr. abstenir, from L. abstinere, from ab from + tenere hold …

    English new terms dictionary

  • 20 abstain — verb (I) 1 to not vote either for or against something in an election 2 formal to not do something, especially something enjoyable, because you think it is bad for your health or morally wrong (+ from): Pilots must abstain from alcohol for 24… …

    Longman dictionary of contemporary English